Sore throat is caused by inflammation of the back of the throat. It usually occurs when a person has a cold or is suffering from influenza. Some sore throat cases are caused by strep throat infection, which is caused by group A streptococcus bacteria.

Sore throat is common among young kids and teenagers. It can affect anyone and can cause great discomfort. This is why it should be treated right away. Below are some of the sore throat home remedies you can try.

Slippery Elm

This was listed in the United States Pharmacopeia as a conventional treatment for sore throat until 1960. It is a member of the elm family that grows primarily in the eastern region of North America. The inner bark of the tree is used to treat sore throat. It contains mucilage, which is a gel-like substance that swells when mixed with water. This is said to be able to decrease throat irritation and give relief from sore throat. It is also available in capsule form and is a common ingredient in herbal lozenges, on its own or with elderberry and zinc. It is also found in herbal teas.

Licorice Root

This is an herbal sore throat remedy that is used for its anti-inflammatory properties. Aside from sore throat, it is also effective for stomach ulcers, canker sores, allergies, and viral infections. A study showed that gargling with a diluted licorice root solution could prevent sore throats. This is recommended for patients who are about to get surgery. Five minutes before general anesthesia, patients must gargle with a diluted licorice root solution to prevent sore throat after surgery. Licorice root is also used in herbal tea and has a naturally sweet taste. It is advised not to take large amounts of licorice because it could lead to high blood pressure, affect the levels of cortisol, and retain salt and water in the body. It should not be taken with other diuretics, corticosteroids, or other medications that decrease potassium levels in the body. People with high blood pressure or heart disease should also avoid taking licorice.

Marshmallow Root

This doesn’t refer to the white gooey stuff found in the grocery store but rather the herb that grows in North America and Europe. It has been used for centuries as a sore throat home remedy. Just like the slippery elm, marshmallow has mucilage that soothes the mucus membrane in the throat. Marshmallow root tea should be drunk by those with sore throat. It is made by mixing a tablespoon of dried root with one cup of boiling water. Steep the mixture and let it sit for 30 to 90 minutes before straining it out.