Pantothenic acid is part of the Vitamin B Complex and also goes by the name, Vitamin B5. Like the other water-soluble members of the B Complex, any excess of Vitamin B5 is excreted from the body, so it must be replenished daily.
Pantothenic acid aids in energy metabolism, as do the other B vitamins, but it also plays a key role in the production of healthy fats and red blood cells and in regulating a healthy digestive tract, by assisting in the breakdown of carbohydrates and fats*
Vitamin B5 also helps with the synthesis of healthy fats; both fatty acids and cholesterol require Vitamin B5 for their creation.*
The production of sex and stress hormones also require Vitamin B5.*
B vitamins are co-dependant. Adequate amounts of pantothenic acid help the functionality of Vitamin B2. Conversely, there must be sufficient amounts of Vitamin B12, folate, and biotin for the body to properly use its Vitamin B5.